There’s a lot of different types of stoma bags to try out, and there are constant improvements and changes to be made.
While plenty of choices is a big part of it, the stoma bags you can use may cause confusion.
Stoma bags come in different styles, sizes, shapes, and colors, so it’s essentially your personal preference. But we’ll go and see the right bags for you.
Stoma bag Types
You want to make sure that you choose the correct stoma bag needed, whether it’s closed bag, drainable bag, or another kind.
This is largely dependent on the type of surgery, and how easy it is.
Usually, you want to start with a drainable bag to leave it undisturbed for at least a day or so to let the skin heal.
After that, the hospital nurse may choose another type of bag, since you can figure out exactly what it is that you want to use too.
For those with an ileostomy that’s been formed, part of the whole of their small bowel may be removed or used for a diversion.
After that, your output will be a porridge-like or soft consistency, and you may need to drain the bag a whole lot more within a 24-hour period, enabling you to do this without hurting the skin.
For those with the colostomy made, part of the bigger bowel will be removed, so the stoma output is semi-formed, so the frequency may reduce because of this.
Formed or thick stools are hard to drain, so you may just need a closed bag by this point.
For urostomy, because the urine is then diverted through your ureters to a stoma, the bladder is bypassed or removed, and you’ll need to wear a urostomy bag that has a stopper or tap near the end, to drain the urine or liquid to a jug. Don’t forget to look out for night bags and leg bags that fit or go for bigger bags when sleeping.
One Piece or Two Piece
Some people like the one-piece, which is an appliance where the bag is attached to a barrier, applied, and then removed in the same way. This is much more discreet, and it’s better for those that wear tighter clothing or sports. The biggest disadvantage is that each time you have to change this, you need to remove everything, creating skin irritation.
The two-piece is where the bag and then the skin barrier separate, letting you wear this for 1-3 days. The biggest advantage is that you can wear different bags for different instances. The biggest downside is they are bulkier.
Your bag size
You’ll notice as well as you do this that mot of the bags come in the standard size. Other sizes usually are larger, including the maxi bag, and there’s also the midi bag, which is smaller than that. They’re both one-piece and two-piece ostomy bags.
There are mini bags or pediatric ones that are used for children, but adults may use them too depending on capacity.
Finally, you may want to choose the caps which are a much more discreet type of means to help with a closed stoma bag. However, they can only be used for short periods of time, unless you do irrigation.
Then there are wafers and flanges, which of course are available in different kinds of sizes, and shapes. You’ll want to look for the right type of size for this kind of system for the bag that you want to use with your stoma appliance.